Gardening To Do List - April in the Garden

By ferti-lome ® Posted: 10/25/2012 Comments (0)

It always seems spring drags its heels and then runs full force into summer. Be prepared with an organized ‘To Do’ list and take advantage of whatever nice days we are afforded. Our plants will still need pruning, feeding and weeding even if the sun doesn’t always shine.


Where it’s Spring
  • Keep ahead of the weeds.
  • Turn the compost.
  • Test and amend your soil.
  • Prune flowering shrubs when they finish blooming.
  • Plant and divide perennials.
Where it’s Fall
  • Think about mulching and protecting tender plants for winter.
  • Keep watering trees and shrubs until dormant.
  • Work on the lawn.


  • Start seeds of cool season vegetables and slow growing warm season crops, including herbs, during first half of April.
  • Start seeds for warm season flowers in the second half of the month,


  • Get whatever you can transplanted now, before the weather turns hot.
  • Mulch around trees and shrubs.
  • Make sure you water, if rain is not regular.
  • Replace cool season flowers and crops as they begin to fade, with warm season plants.
  • Start seeds of warm season plants.
  • Keep feeding flowering annuals.
  • Plant container grown fruit and nut trees.
  • Check citrus trees for pests like citrus leaf minor, aphids, scab, scale, whitefly and mites. 


  • Direct sow warm season crops.
  • Spray for citrus scale with insecticidal soap or neem.


  • Direct sow and transplant hardy annuals toward the end of the month, when night temperatures stay above 55 degrees F.
  • Plant fruit trees and shrubs and perennial vegetables.
  • Transplant and seed vegetables after danger of frost. 
  • Try to prune roses before bud break. 

Mid-West & Northeast

  • Start seeds of warm-season vegetables and flowers.
  • Direct seed cool season vegetables and flowers when the ground is able to be worked.
  • Begin hardening off cool season seedlings, to transplant at the end of the month.
  • Begin dividing perennials.

Pacific NW - Temperate

  • Work on your soil. Add amendments if needed and plow under any cover crops planted last season, before they go to seed.
  • Begin planting out transplants, if the ground is not too soaked.
  • Get greens started by direct seeding outdoors. 
  • Divide perennials during cool, rainy season.

Pacific Coast

  • Plant warm weather lovers.
  • Plant and feed perennials.
  • Thin fruit on trees to about 4-5" apart, to encourage the remaining fruit to mature to full size.
  • Shop for azaleas, clematis and other flowers in bloom in garden centers. Hotter regions can begin planting tropicals outdoors.
  • Add mulch where needed, especially around tree and shrub roots.


  • Plant warm weather lovers.
  • Feed perennials.
  • Thin fruit on trees to about 4-5" apart, to encourage the remaining fruit to mature to full size. Fertilize.
  • Add mulch where needed, especially around tree and shrub roots.  


  • Start seeds indoor of warm season vegetables and flowers.
  • Stake perennials before they get too tall.
  • Finish pruning roses. Remove dead and diseased wood first. Hybrid teas can be cut back hard, to a new shoot. Check on cool season crops for harvesting. Direct seed in the vegetable garden toward the end of the month.
  • Begin transplanting warm season seedlings outdoors, at the end of April when the soil has warmed and night temperatures stay above 50 degrees F.
  • Give your bulbs some food once they finish blooming and allow the foliage to remain until it begins to turn yellow.
  • Feed fruit and nut trees and bushes.  

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By Marie Iannotti, Guide
Regional Gardening Guide for April


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